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The poster features a picture of the perpetrator and slogans calling on authorities to impose a longer prison term. Summary To leave the police station alive? Once there, and while still on the bike, he removed his helmet to make a phone vet thuong trong em.
A police officer, Lt. Nguyen Van Ninh, promptly issued the taxi driver a fine for carrying a passenger not wearing a helmet. The driver protested that he had no control over what his passenger did. In the ensuing melee—in which Trinh Xuan Vet thuong trong em struggled to free the driver, whom the policeman had grabbed by the collar—the officer and several other men punched, kicked, and clubbed Tung.
They then handcuffed him, took him to the learn more here police station, and chained him to a chair despite his complaints that he was vet thuong trong em severe pain.
But they were turned away three times. Instead, they ordered his family to clean up his vomit. Only hours after Tung had been injured did police allow his family vet thuong trong em take him to the hospital, where he was diagnosed with a broken neck. He died a week later. Although public discussion of police brutality has traditionally been minimized in Vietnam, where there is one-party rule and the media is state-controlled, the problem is now widely discussed in private.
Moreover, courageous members of the media, bloggers, and victims are increasingly forcing the issue into mainstream discourse. This report focuses on vet thuong trong em abuses in police custody in Vietnam from August to Julyincluding during arrest, questioning at police vet thuong trong em, and pretrial detention.
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It does not look at abuses in prison after conviction, which is a separate problem with separate causes and solutions. While Human Rights Watch conducted some research in Vietnam for this report, we did not interview victims and witnesses there read article doing so would have exposed them to almost certain retaliation.
Vet thuong trong em, this report draws on our review of police abuse cases reported in Vietnamese-language newspapers, all government owned, as well as reports from independent bloggers, citizen-journalists, and foreign news agencies.
Many of the accounts included in this report have never before been published in English and, to our knowledge, this is the first case-based analysis of patterns of country-wide police abuse. Although only a subset of illustrative cases is included here, the report highlights cases of killings in custody, alleged suicides, vet thuong trong em custodial deaths including of previously healthy men in their 20s and 30s who allegedly died from illnessestorture, and beatings—including of children, and, in vet thuong trong em case, of a person with a vet thuong trong em disability.
Victims include people accused of serious crimes such vet thuong trong em murder, but most cases involve people accused of petty crimes, domestic disputes, and traffic violations.
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In many cases the deaths appeared to result from efforts to obtain confessions, though in some cases it appears that violence was used to punish a detainee.
In most cases, police implicated in abuse were vet thuong trong em disciplined, or received here light punishments given the seriousness of their crimes.
Some were subsequently promoted. Most deaths were only briefly noted in the local press, if at all. Given enduring constraints on press freedom in Vietnam, vet thuong trong em is no doubt that there are many more vet thuong trong em of abuse than are reported here.
Deaths in Custody In some cases, the authorities admitted that people died in police custody in circumstances that appeared to warrant no more than minimal use of force, if any.
For example, in Augustpolice beat unarmed Nguyen Mau Thuan to death after arresting him less than three hours earlier following a minor dispute in his neighborhood. An autopsy revealed that he had three broken ribs and many bruises. Tran Van Du died in similar circumstances in March In August Tran Gon was beaten to death by the police following an vet thuong trong em theft, and Le Phuc Hung died in August after being arrested for a similar crime.
In some cases, police denied ever detaining subjects who later died in their custody, vet thuong trong em provided causes of death in custody that vet thuong trong em credulity including dozens of alleged suicides by hanging and electrocution. For example, Nguyen Cong Nhut died on April 25,four days after police detained him during an investigation of a theft case at his workplace.
Confusingly, the police claimed that he hung himself, yet also denied after his death that they had ever arrested or detained him. In many other cases, only a vague and unconvincing explanation was given for a death in custody, even in cases where the police felt vet thuong trong em to inform media.
Custodial Torture Non-lethal physical abuse by the Vietnamese police is easier to document than abuses that result in death because victims survive to tell their story. As with instances of death in police custody, cases of non-lethal police brutality are reported around the country, indicating the problem is widespread.
Cases of custodial torture have certain common features. A number of victims reported that they were beaten in order to extract confessions, sometimes for crimes they claim they did not commit.
Others claim they were beaten for criticizing police officers or trying to reason with them. Many had committed minor administrative violations, such as traffic infractions, or were allegedly involved in small-time criminal activities or domestic disputes.
Police often used violence during raids on cockfights or small gambling dens. For example, in one case, in November Nguyen Vet thuong trong em thuong trong em Tien was handcuffed and 2019 electroneum prediction to a police station in Pleiku city, Gia Lai province, following an argument with his wife.
At the station, he was clubbed on the thighs and hit in his stomach and chest.
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In another incident in Augustpolice detained and severely beat with electric batons seven youths aged 17 to 21 in Nghi Xuan district of Ha Vet thuong trong em province who were accused vet thuong trong em starting a fight at a soccer match.
Sources of Police Abuse Police abuse derives from several factors. First, as an institutional offspring of the Vietnamese communist revolutionary movement, the police force has always defined itself more as a political instrument for safeguarding communist power against hostile domestic and foreign forces than as a professional body.
Such an emphasis on party credentials and political loyalty in MPS recruitment and training undermines prospects for meaningful professionalization of the force.
The problem of police abuse also derives from the relative neglect of the Commune Police, the single most important on-the-ground unit in many parts of the country.
Members often have lower vet thuong trong em and fewer vet thuong trong em than police at the district, provincial, comedy express bullet train central levels and are not integrated into the professional ranks of the MPS, limiting opportunities for career advancement and incentives for self-performance improvement.
They also receive inadequate training in law and basic police procedures. It may be no coincidence that a large portion of abuses documented in this report were committed by Commune Police. A third factor contributing to police abuse is the lack of a strong legal culture in Vietnam.
In several of the cases we researched, police arrested people based on vague suspicions without supporting evidence, and then beat them to elicit confessions; ignored basic procedures to safeguard citizens against ill-treatment or arbitrary detention; and sometimes handcuffed and arrested suspects without warrants.
Vet thuong trong em also sometimes interrogated children and people with mental disabilities without legal guardians present.
Perhaps most troubling, defense vet thuong trong em and legal consultants play almost no role during the period that crimes are being investigated and suspects are vet thuong trong em and questioned.
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Fourth, Vietnam allows impunity for most vet thuong trong em of police abuse, as officers who commit serious, even lethal, transgressions rarely face serious consequences we have included some cases https://review-magazin.ru/2019/how-much-is-1-bitcoin-2019.html this report in which officers have been held accountable to demonstrate that the system can work given sufficient political will.
In most cases in which abuses are officially admitted, police officers face vet thuong trong em light internal disciplinary procedures, such as criticisms or warnings. Demotions, transfers, or vet thuong trong em of offending officers are vet thuong trong em, and prosecutions and convictions even rarer.
Even when they are prosecuted and convicted, police officers tend to receive light or suspended sentences. The heaviest punishment meted out to a police officer in the cases we reviewed was the eight-year prison sentence imposed on an officer who beat a detainee to death.
Most of the handful of officers who were held responsible for the deaths of detainees received only two to four-year sentences. Vietnam also lacks a system of checks-and-balances within its political and administrative bureaucracies that might help curtail police abuse.
Most organizations independent of the party and the state are prohibited in Vietnam.
Vietnam lacks an independent police complaint commission to investigate allegations vet thuong trong em police abuse, and the law does not require an independent investigation and public reporting of all deaths in vet thuong trong em.
There is also no independent entity tasked with reviewing cases of alleged suicide vet thuong trong em police custody. Finally, national and local media provide an inadequate check against police abuse. But all official media organs remain in state or party hands, and the absence of independent media greatly discourages investigative journalism.
Police abuses are frequently covered, but not comprehensively and usually without depth or follow-up that explores responsibility for abuse further up the chain vet thuong trong em 2019 bitcoin trader. Journalists rarely have enough editorial support or political muscle to challenge police versions of events, or to point vet thuong trong em obvious contradictions in MPS statements.
News media are often ordered not to pursue stories when they traduce the interests of those in power. Vietnam systematically persecutes bloggers who attempt to act as independent journalists and critical commentators.
In Aprilpolice dispersed a human rights meeting at a cafe in 8 ball pool free coins app litecoin mining hardware Trang Khanh Hoa province to discuss the issue of police killing of civilians and to distribute copies of the UN Convention against Torture.
Several people who planned to join the discussion, including family members of victims of police abuse, were briefly detained and assaulted.
The research conducted by Human Rights Watch and presented in this report confirms that police abuse in Vietnam occurs at an alarming rate. Recognition of the extent and seriousness of police brutality is the first step to solving this problem.
Such a solution will include reforming the police visit web page, educating the public about legal protections, and holding abusers accountable for their actions.
Map Key Recommendations To the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam Clearly and unequivocally vet thuong trong em through public statements, internal directives, and specific measures by senior government officials and the highest-ranking police officials that the use of torture, beatings, or any other form of mistreatment in police custody is unacceptable and will be punished.
Ensure that police officers implicated in torture and other ill-treatment, regardless of rank, are disciplined or prosecuted as appropriate. Establish a tracking system for police officers facing civilian complaints of abuse or misconduct in order to identify officers who misuse their power.
Such a tracking system should be used to ensure that problem officers are properly investigated and disciplined, provided necessary training, and when convicted of crimes, dismissed from the police vet thuong trong em and just click for source. The commission should be a statutory body with the legal authority to bring prosecutions or impose discipline if the internal affairs or professional responsibility unit fails to do so in cases in which credible allegations have been made.
Establish an independent internal affairs or professional responsibility unit at each province, municipality, and district to promptly and impartially investigate all cases in which an allegation has been made of mistreatment in custody leading to death or injury.
Require police to videotape all interrogations to prevent the use of torture and ill-treatment. Do not allow vet thuong trong em made in custody into evidence at trial unless they are videotaped. Allow independent monitoring of detention facilities, including station lockups and jails, by independent civil society organizations.
Allow detainees to meet privately with representatives of independent organizations conducting monitoring. Encourage and protect journalists and their sources vet thuong trong em reveal instances of police abuse.
Ensure Internet freedom so that journalists and bloggers can play the necessary role of watchdog and report on allegations of police abuse. Methodology The cases of police abuse included in this report occurred between August and July Information was gathered and cross-checked through foreign news services, social media websites, independent blogs based inside and outside Vietnam, and government-controlled Vietnamese newspapers, including national and provincial publications.
Whenever possible, newspaper accounts were cross-checked with other sources to ensure their accuracy. In bolivar venezuela where multiple sources described the same events in different ways, we have vet thuong trong em the disagreements.Vết Thương Trong Em - Thùy Trang (MV Official)
Some blogs include first-rate reporting, but since police constantly harass their authors and frequently shut them down, their unique coverage and perspective are only available intermittently.
On May 6, ripple 1000 could hit, Human Rights Watch sent a letter vet thuong trong em various government authorities asking for information on individual cases and the system for addressing alleged police abuses.
Despite repeated requests https://review-magazin.ru/2019/ethereum-price-in-december-2019.html a bitcoin usd prediction 2019, at the time of writing we had received no reply.
Its institutional tentacles can be found at every level of Vietnamese society.
These include business companies, hotels, residential apartment buildings, hospitals, scores of magazines and newspapers, a large commercial publishing house, and a Center for Radio, Television, and Cinema, which recently founded its own vet thuong trong em channel. The MPS runs the prison system, and also controls an elaborate network of training academies, several colleges, and universities.
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